Volume No. :   3

Issue No. :  6

Year :  2011

ISSN Print :  0975-4393

ISSN Online :  2349-2988


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Quantitative Determination of Alkaloid, Allicin, Glycoside and Saponin Constituents of the Leaves of Sansevieria senegambica Baker by Gas Chromatography.



Address:   Ikewuchi Catherine C., Ikewuchi Jude C.*, Ayalogu Edward O. and Onyeike Eugene N.
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Port Harcourt, P.M.B. 5323, Choba, Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author
DOI No:

ABSTRACT:
The alkaloid, allicin, glycoside and saponin levels of the leaves of Sansevieria senegambica were determined by gas liquid chromatography. The leaves are rich in alkaloids (93.76mg/kg wet weight and 293.91 mg/kg dry weight), with low allicin (1.2115 mg/kg wet weight and 3.7979 mg/kg dry weight) and saponin (0.94978 mg/kg wet weight and 2.97737 mg/kg dry weight), and very low glycoside (0.02547 mg/kg wet weight and 0.07985 mg/kg dry weight) contents. Twelve alkaloids were detected, consisting mainly of ambelline (about 24.39%), 6-hydoxybuphanidrine (18.10%) and crinamidine (17.73%). Of the three allicins detected, diallylthiosulphinate (about 52.70%) was the most abundant, while the most abundant saponin was avenacins B-1 (about 37.75%). These results show that the leaves are rich in alkaloids, lending credence to their use for medicinal purposes.
KEYWORDS:
Alkaloids, allicins, glycosides, medicinal plants, phytochemical, Sansevieria senegambica, saponins.
Cite:
Ikewuchi Catherine C, Ikewuchi Jude C, Ayalogu Edward O , Onyeike Eugene N.. Quantitative Determination of Alkaloid, Allicin, Glycoside and Saponin Constituents of the Leaves of Sansevieria senegambica Baker by Gas Chromatography. Research J. Science and Tech. 2011; 3(6): 308-312.
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