Volume No. :   6

Issue No. :  3

Year :  2014

ISSN Print :  0975-4393

ISSN Online :  2349-2988


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Cease Fire: An Emergency Practice in Domestic as Well as in Profession



Address:   Khushbu S. Patel*, Amee K. Patel, Hardik H. Chaudhary and Prof. Dr. Dhrubo Jyoti Sen
Department of Quality Assurance and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Shri Sarvajanik Pharmacy College, Gujarat Technological University, Arvind Baug, Mehsana-384001, Gujarat, India
*Corresponding Author
DOI No:

ABSTRACT:
Fire safety refers to precautions that are taken to prevent or reduce the likelihood of a fire that may result in death, injury, or property damage, alert those in a structure to the presence of an uncontrolled fire in the event one occurs, better enable those threatened by fire to survive in and evacuate from affected areas, or to reduce the damage caused by a fire. Fire safety measures include those that are planned during the construction of a building or implemented in structures that are already standing, and those that are taught to occupants of the building. Threats to fire safety are referred to as fire hazards. A fire hazard may include a situation that increases the likelihood a fire may start or may impede escape in the event a fire occurs. Fire safety is often a component of building safety. Those who inspect buildings for violations of the Fire Code and go into schools to educate children on Fire Safety topics are fire department members known as fire prevention officers. The Chief Fire Prevention Officer or Chief of Fire Prevention will normally train newcomers to the Fire Prevention Division and may also conduct inspections or make presentations. Building a facility in accordance with the version of the local building code. Maintaining a facility and conducting yourself in accordance with the provisions of the fire code. This is based on the occupants and operators of the building being aware of the applicable regulations and advice. Not exceeding the maximum occupancy within any part of the building. Maintaining proper fire exits and proper exit signage (e.g., exit signs pointing to them that can function in a power failure). Compliance with electrical codes to prevent overheating and ignition from electrical faults or problems such as poor wire insulation or overloading wiring, conductors, or other fixtures with more electric current than they are rated for. Placing and maintaining the correct type of fire extinguishers in easily accessible places. Properly storing and using, hazardous materials that may be needed inside the building for storage or operational requirements (such as solvents in spray booths). Prohibiting flammable materials in certain areas of the facility. Periodically inspecting buildings for violations, issuing Orders to Comply and, potentially, prosecuting or closing buildings that are not in compliance, until the deficiencies are corrected or condemning it in extreme cases. Maintaining fire alarm systems for detection and warning of fire. Obtaining and maintaining a complete inventory of fire stops. Ensuring that spray fireproofing remains undamaged. Maintaining a high level of training and awareness of occupants and users of the building to avoid obvious mistakes, such as the propping open of fire doors. Conduct fire drills at regular intervals throughout the year. Common fire hazards: Improper use and maintenance of gas stoves often create fire hazards. Some common fire hazards are: Kitchen fires from unattended cooking, such as frying, broiling and simmering. Electrical systems those are overloaded, resulting in hot wiring or connections, or failed components. Combustible storage areas with insufficient protection. Combustibles near equipment that generates heat, flame, or sparks. Candles and other open flames. Smoking (Cigarettes, cigars, pipes, lighters, etc.). Equipment that generates heat and utilizes combustible materials. Flammable liquids and aerosols. Flammable solvents (and rags soaked with solvent) placed in enclosed trash cans. Fireplace chimneys not properly or regularly cleaned. Cooking appliances - stoves, ovens. Heating appliances - fireplaces, wood burning stoves, furnaces, boilers, portable heaters. Household appliances-clothes dryers, curling irons, hair dryers, refrigerators, freezers. Chimneys that concentrate creosote. Electrical wiring in poor condition. Leaking Batteries. Personal ignition sources-matches, lighters. Electronic and electrical equipment. Exterior cooking equipment–barbecue.
KEYWORDS:
Fire, smoke, carbon dioxide gas, carbon tetrachloride, fire grenade, foam, halon, fire pictogram, alcohol-resistant aqueous film forming foams, fire brigade, condensed aerosol fire extinguishers.
Cite:
Khushbu S. Patel, Amee K. Patel, Hardik H. Chaudhary , Dhrubo Jyoti Sen. Cease Fire: An Emergency Practice in Domestic as Well as in Profession . Research J. Science and Tech. 6(3): July- Sept., 2014; Page 133-142.
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