Maize (Zea maize) is one of the most important crop under rainfed condition in Bastar Plateau of Chhattigarh which play major role in improving the income of tribal farmers. One of the constraint in conventional maize crop cultivation is low productivity due to lack of awareness of package of practices and improved varieties on the basis of ecological situations. Fertilizer use is very low or with almost no use of fertilizers, pesticides and use of improved crop varieties is extremely limited. To improve productivity and production as well as income generation of farmers, on farm demonstration were conducted of maize crop in different clusters under NAIP-3 during 2008-09. Recommended package of practices applied to the framers in On-farm demonstration viz. use of better agronomic practices, improved variety, line sowing, balanced use of fertilizers and crop protection measures resulting in increase of the yield of crops up to 118.19 per cent during the two years over traditional method of cultivation. The results of this study showed that maize productivity will be enhanced by popularization improved varieties along with adoption of improved Agronomical practices in these backward areas of Bastar region of C.G. This will enable to enhance the livelihood security and Socio-economic status of poor farmers of the region.The extension and technology gap was found in on-farm demonstration and farmer practices.
Cite this article:
P.S. Kusro, J.K. Tiwari, S. Agrawal, J.L. Chaudhary . Role of Maize crop for rural livelihood and income generation among Tribal community of Bastar. Research J. Science and Tech. 2009; 1(3): 113-114 .