How do some people decide to commit a crime? Do they think about the benefits and the risks? Why do some people commit crimes regardless of the consequences? Why do others never commit a crime, no matter how desperate their circumstances? Throughout history people have tried to explain what causes abnormal social behavior including crime. Some recent bio-forensic studies have found that certain neurotransmitter, neurochemicals imbalances in the brain such as low serotonin, and certain hormone imbalances such as extra testosterone, are associated with some greater likelihood of committing crime.
Criminal behavior has always been a focus for psychologists due to the age old debate between nature and nurture. Is it the responsibility of an individual's genetic makeup that makes them a criminal or is it the environment in which they are raised that determines their outcome? Research has been conducted regarding this debate which has resulted in a conclusion that both genes and environment do play a role in the criminality of an individual. This evidence has been generated from a number of twin, family, and adoption studies as well as laboratory experiments. Furthermore, the research has stated that it is more often an interaction between genes and the environment that predicts criminal behavior. Having a genetic predisposition for criminal behavior does not determine the actions of an individual, but if they are exposed to the right environment, then their chances are greater for engaging in criminal or anti-social behavior. Therefore, this paper will examine the different functions that genetics and the environment play in the criminal behavior of individuals.
Cite this article:
Shahanshah Gulpham. Biocrime: Neurochemicals in Criminal and Anti-Social Behavior. Research J. Science and Tech. 2011; 3(4): 217-219.