Author(s): Shabina Fatma, Kriti Nigam

Email(s): shabinafatma2022@gmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/2349-2988.2023.00031   

Address: Shabina Fatma, Kriti Nigam
Department of Forensic Science, Jharkhand Raksha Shakti University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India – 834008.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 15,      Issue - 4,     Year - 2023


ABSTRACT:
Morphine, the main alkaloid of opium, was first obtained from poppy seeds in 1805. It is a potent analgesic, though its use is limited due to tolerance, withdrawal, and the risk of abuse. Morphine is still routinely used today, though there are a number of semi-synthetic opioids of varying strength such as codeine, fentanyl, methadone, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, meperidine, and oxycodone. Morphine is used for the management of chronic, moderate to severe pain. Opioids, including morphine, are effective for the short term management of pain. Patients taking opioids long term may need to be monitored for the development of physical dependence, addiction disorder, and drug abuse.


Cite this article:
Shabina Fatma, Kriti Nigam. Comparative Study of efficacy of various solvent systems in extraction of morphine from viscera. Research Journal of Science and Technology. 2023; 15(4):191-6. doi: 10.52711/2349-2988.2023.00031

Cite(Electronic):
Shabina Fatma, Kriti Nigam. Comparative Study of efficacy of various solvent systems in extraction of morphine from viscera. Research Journal of Science and Technology. 2023; 15(4):191-6. doi: 10.52711/2349-2988.2023.00031   Available on: https://rjstonline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2023-15-4-3


REFERENCES:
1.    I.C.F. Poole, S.K. Poole; Analytical Chemistry. Acta, 216: 1989;109-145.
2.    Clarke; 'Isolation and Identification of Drugs'; A.C. Moffat, London; 2nd edn; 160-174 and 790.
3.    M.L. Puttermans et al: 'Analytical Chemistry'; 67; 1984.
4.    Stewart C.P., Stolman A; 'Toxicology Mechanisms and Analytical methods'; vol.II; 1996; 842.
5.    http://www.phytomedical.com/Plant/Morphine.asp.
6.    Parikh, 'Textbook of Medical Jurisprudence and Toxicology'. 2001.10.1 and 11.4.
7.    Modi, Jaishing P. 'Textbook of Medical Jurisprudence and Toxicology'. M Tripathi Pub; 2001.
8.    http://www.narconon.ca/images/opium.jpg.
9.    Reddy K.S. Narayan; 'The essentials of forensic Medicine and Toxicology'; 6th edn., 1997; 473-491.
10.    http://z.about.com/d/worldnews/1/7/t/3/-/-/2004822. JPG.
11.    V. Shankar et al; Forensic Sci. Int.,40; 1989; 45-55
12.    Saferstein R; 'Criminalistics-An Introduction to forensic Science', 6th Edn. Prentice Hall, New Jersey; 1998.
13.    Dreisbach Robert; 'Handbook of Poisoning': 3rd edn; 225-229.
14.    Dreisbach Robet; 'Handbook of Poisoning': 4th edn; 226-228.
15.    Oliver John; 'forensic Toxicology'; 119-125.
16.    D. McNally William; Toxicology; 1937: 551-573.
17.    M. Houck Max. A Siegel Jay; 'fundamental of forensic Medicine and Toxicology'; 335-337.
18.    Sharma B.R. 'forensic Science in Criminal Investigation and Trials'; 4th edn; 834-837.


Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Shahanshah Gulpham

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Karunakar Shukla, PK Dubey

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Dubey R.D, Paroha S., Wani V.K., Pandey A.K., Sahu P.K., Verma S., Daharwal S.J.

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Chamanpreet Kaur, Sandeep Kumar, Satvir Singh, Harpreet Kaur

DOI: 10.5958/2349-2988.2020.00001.7         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Ravi Natvarlal Patel, Urviben Yashodharbhai Patel , Dhrubo Jyoti Sen

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Liji R Kurian, Aaliya. S, Angel Albert, Anjana. C. Babu, Christeena. K. James, Keziah Abraham, Meenumol Venu, Resma. R. Nath, Roselin Jomon, Teena Mariya Raju

DOI: 10.52711/2349-2988.2022.00008         Access: Closed Access Read More

Author(s): Ali Adel Dawood, Zeyad Thanoon Al-Rrassam, Mahmood Abduljabar Altobje

DOI: 10.52711/2349-2988.2022.00003         Access: Closed Access Read More

Author(s): Ganesh Bharskar, Pratik Malvade

DOI: 10.52711/2349-2988.2022.00041         Access: Closed Access Read More

Author(s): Shabina Fatma, Kiran Kumari

DOI: 10.52711/2349-2988.2023.00035         Access: Closed Access Read More

Author(s): Shabina Fatma, Sunita Rani

DOI: 10.52711/2349-2988.2024.00003         Access: Closed Access Read More

Research Journal of Science and Technology (RJST) is an international, peer-reviewed journal, devoted to science and technology...... Read more >>>

RNI: Not Available                     
DOI: 10.5958/2349-2988 


Recent Articles




Tags