Morphine, the main alkaloid of opium, was first obtained from poppy seeds in 1805. It is a potent analgesic, though its use is limited due to tolerance, withdrawal, and the risk of abuse. Morphine is still routinely used today, though there are a number of semi-synthetic opioids of varying strength such as codeine, fentanyl, methadone, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, meperidine, and oxycodone. Morphine is used for the management of chronic, moderate to severe pain. Opioids, including morphine, are effective for the short term management of pain. Patients taking opioids long term may need to be monitored for the development of physical dependence, addiction disorder, and drug abuse.
Cite this article:
Shabina Fatma, Kriti Nigam. Comparative Study of efficacy of various solvent systems in extraction of morphine from viscera. Research Journal of Science and Technology. 2023; 15(4):191-6. doi: 10.52711/2349-2988.2023.00031
Shabina Fatma, Kriti Nigam. Comparative Study of efficacy of various solvent systems in extraction of morphine from viscera. Research Journal of Science and Technology. 2023; 15(4):191-6. doi: 10.52711/2349-2988.2023.00031 Available on: https://rjstonline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2023-15-4-3
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